Jamaican Escovitch Fried Red Snapper

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As a child, my mom sent my siblings and I to Jamaica for summers. Aunt Judy’s house is where we stayed. As soon as I stepped foot into her driveway, the sweet aroma of mangoes from the trees outside floated around me. Aunt Judy was never an avid cook; but her kitchen was filled with cooks. I saw Escovitch Fish prepared for the first time when my aunt’s friend brought over fresh snapper to fry for us.

Seasoned with spices, she put the whole fish in a frying pan filled with oil. The oil bubbled around the fish as she added the scotch bonnet peppers. The air immediately filled with a pungent peppery smoke. Afterwards she sauteed the peppers and onions with vinegar to make the warm pickle. The fried fish laid flat on layer of paper towels soaking up the oil. The fish were transferred to plates and smothered with the pickled peppers. Escovitch Fish is a classic Jamaican dish that I love preparing. I’ve officially become an expert at maneuvering around those tiny fish bones.

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When we traveled from Kingston to Ocho Rios, I remember grabbing food from street merchants. We stuck our hands out the car to buy bags of guinep, peppered shrimp, mangoes and coconut water. Guinep is a peculiar fruit. I snapped the leathery skin open to reveal a pulpy flesh reminiscent of lychee with notes of a sweet and sour. The fruit was mostly seed, so we devoured a bag quickly. It was the perfect snack for traveling cross country.

Roads were narrow, filled with potholes, and the drivers drove fearlessly around mountainsides. We ventured through Fern Gully, a magical winding road covered in thick fern that was once a river. The starking sun rays bounced everywhere as it peaked through the greenery. When we reached the Ochie, we made a stop at Dunn’s River Fall, the most popular waterfall in Jamaica. I would grab the hands of my brother and sister, while the fresh water gushed over our faces as we climbed the slippery waterfall rocks. Memories of Jamaica will always make it my piece of paradise.

Prep Time: 20 minutes

Cook Time: 20 minutes

Servings: 4


4 medium sized fresh Red Snapper, scaled and clean

1-2 scotch bonnet peppers

10-15 pimento seeds/ allspice seeds

1 large white onion, thickly sliced

1 red bell pepper, cut lengthwise ½ inch wide

1 green bell pepper, cut lengthwise ½ inch wide

1 carrot, grated

1 lemon

½ cup rice wine vinegar

1 tablespoon sea salt

2 teaspoons cracked black pepper

1 teaspoon paprika

1 teaspoon onion powder

1 teaspoon garlic powder

½ teaspoon celery powder

½ teaspoon cumin powder

Canola or Vegetable Oil

Cooked Jamaican style rice and peas – Optional



Rinse and clean fish with juice from lemon. Pat dry. Cut 3 diagonal lines across the sides of each fish.

Mix spices sea salt, cracked black pepper, paprika, onion powder, garlic powder, celery powder, and cumin in a small bowl.

Season the outside and inside cavity of the fish with the spice mix.

Fill a large frying pan with oil, about ½ inch deep, to high heat.

Season the oil by adding 6-8 pimento seeds and ½ of the scotch bonnet pepper (or a whole pepper for a more intense heat) into the oil. The scotch bonnet pepper will eventually turn black as it cooks. That’s ok!

Place fish in the frying pan away from you. Adjust the heat between medium and high to avoid the fish being burned.

Fry for 5-6 minutes on each side. The fish should be slightly brown to blackened.

Remove fish from frying pan and allow to drain on a plate lined with paper towels.

Allow oil to cool and strain, reserving ½ cup of oil. Discard remaining oil.

In a large sauce pan, warm reserved oil to medium heat. Add fresh oil if needed.

Add onions, remaining allspice seeds, red pepper, green pepper, carrot, and remaining scotch bonnet pepper to lightly saute.

Saute for about 5 minutes, you want the vegetables to keep their body and crunch.

Add the vinegar, and cook for another 5 minutes.

Place onions and pepper sauce over the fish.

Serve with Jamaican Rice and Peas.


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